Basheer.SK1, Satyanarayana.V2*, J. N. Suresh Kumar3
1. Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopet, Guntur (Dt), Andhra Pradesh, India-522601.
Antimicrobial resistance is an increasingly serious problem recognized as one of the greatest global threats to human health. Despite the successful effects to control infection disease, the continuous decline of therapeutic effectiveness of antimicrobials due to among others increasing antimicrobial resistance has become a worldwide problem. Although globally antimicrobial resistance is an emerging threats to public health, the problem is more severe in developing countries like Ethiopia where the burden of infectious diseases is relatively grater and healthcare spending is low. Drug resistance can be a natural phenomenon. Its proliferation, however, is attributed to multifaceted factor such as overuse and misuse of antibiotics. Nonprescription sale of antibiotic is one of the major reasons to increase antibiotic consumption which facilitates emergence of drug resistance.
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance, effectiveness of antibiotic consumption, drug resistance, proliferation, infection, therapeutic effectiveness.