AJPHR

American Journal Of Pharmacy And Health Research

ISSN NO.: 2321-3647
DOI: 10.21276/ajphr
August 2018 Issue 8
1

Investigation of Antidiarrhoeal and Antimotility Activities of Methanolic Extract of Musa Sapientum Flowers and Fruit Peels

 Gourahari Panda, P. Narasimha Murthy, Iswori Prasad Padhy, Ghanshyam Panigrahi*

Department of Pharmacognosy, Royal College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Andhapasara Road, Berhampur, Odisha, India, Pin -760002.

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was investigation of antidiarrhoeal and antimotility activities of methanolic extract of musa sapientum (family- Musaceae) flowers and fruit peels. The phytochemical analysis of both extracts of Musa sapientum revealed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, glycosides, saponins, proteins, coumarins, flavonoids, triterpenoids, tannins and phenolic compounds. The extracts were evaluated for castor oil- induced diarrhoea and intestinal motility test in rats. Both the methanolic extracts were significantly (p<0.05) and dose dependently reduced frequency of stooling in castor oil-induced diarrhoea and anti-motility action in intestinal motility test. These findings suggest that the methanolic extract of the musa sapientum flowers and fruit peels may contain some biologically active ingredients that are useful for the treatment of diarrhoea.

Key words: Musa sapientum, Antidiarrhoeal, castor oil, antimotility, phytochemical    

2

Jejunostomy Following Complete Jejunal Transection After Blunt Abdominal Trauma: A Rare Case Report

Sitaram yadav1, Anju Nagar2, Radheshyam Meena2 , Ramesh Suthar3

Govt. medical college Kota, Rajasthan , 324001

ABSTRACT

Abdominal injury following road traffic accident is less common, compared to the extremities, head and chest. Bowel may get injured following blunt abdominal trauma, but perforation and complete transection is rare. Reports of intestinal perforation during low energy impacts such as bicycle falls, are extremely rare. We report a case of 30-year-old male, who presented with severe abdominal pain, following bicycle road traffic accident. Chest X-Ray was normal, X ray flat plain abdomen showed air under both dome of the diaphragm and abdominal FAST scan revealed intra-peritoneal free fluid with internal echoes. Early exploration and prompt surgical intervention led to the successful outcome in this patient

Keywords: Blunt trauma abdomen, isolated jejunal transection, double barrel jejunostomy.


3

Knowledge, Awareness and Practice among Consumers Towards Safe Disposal of Unused and Expired Medication in Urban Area of Dehradun District

Prashant Mathur*, Usha Pokhariya

Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Technology & Science, Dehradun.

ABSTRACT

Nowadays community disposes numerous unused and expired medicines via general waste or sewerage. Expired drug causes toxicity risk which allows the active substance to undergo dreadful condition. Various agencies have given different guidelines meant for disposing of the unused and expired medications, but there exists some discrepancies among these guidelines. The present study was intended to assess the knowledge, awareness and practice among consumers towards safe disposal of unused and expired medication in Urban Area of Dehradun District. To determine the possible threat/consequence of unusual disposing of medication with respect to environment. This prospective and observational study involving with the consumer based on self structured questionnaire, which involves data related to their socio-demographic data, practice employed for the dispose, awareness related to the environmental hazards and opinion for proper disposing methods. The study was carried out in Urban Area of Dehradun district for 6 months. A total of 200 consumers were included in the study. Total of 200 participants, 18 were non-respondent. Out of 182 participants, 117(64.28%) were male while 65(35.71%) were female. Among 182 participants 64(35.16%) were from the age-group of 26-35 years. Most of the participants 79(43.40%) were having graduate in their education level. Fifty eight (31.86%) acknowledged that they keep drugs with them until expired and ninety eight (53.84%) acknowledged that they throw away expired medication in household garbage. Out of 182 participants, 174(95.60%) acknowledged that they note the expiry date on the medicines before purchasing. Sixty four (35.16%), 66(36.26%) and 75(41.20%) participants acknowledged method of disposal based on formulation type. One hundred forty seven (80.76%)participants out of 182 aware towards environmental hazards by unused and expired medication. Among 182 participants 67(36.81%) acknowledged that they utilized the take back programme that was based upon returning of unused and expired medication to the pharmacy. It was concluded in this study that practice for disposing unused and expired medications by consumers were not appropriate. Healthcare practitioners and community pharmacists should recommend guidance to educate consumers on measure medicine disposal practices.

Keywords: Disposal, Unused, Expired, Medicine, Consumers