K. Malleswari1*, D.Rama Brahma Reddy, Kunnuru Hari, Kuruba Anand, M. Bhaskar
Nalanda Institute of
Pharmaceutical Science, Siddharth Nagar, Kantepudi (V), Sattenapalli(M), Guntur
(Dist) – 522438, India.
Chronotherapy refers to the use of circadian, ultradian, infradian & seasonal or other rhythmic cycles in the application of therapy. There are number of conditions which show a circadian pattern and advantage could be taken by timing and adjusting the administration of drugs according to the circadian rhythm of the disease. Some of the conditions, which may be significantly benefited, are hypertension, myocardial infarction, bronchial asthma, peptic ulcer, arthritis, duodenal ulcer, diabetes, neurological disorder, cancer and hypercholesterolemia. Chronotherapy can be classified into time controlled systems wherein the drug release is controlled primarily by the delivery system, stimuli induced PDDS in which release is controlled by the stimuli, such as the pH or enzymes present in the intestinal tract or enzymes present in the drug delivery system and externally regulated system where release is programmed by external stimuli like magnetism, ultrasound, electrical effect and irradiation.
Keywords: Chronotherapy, Circadian Rhythm, Chrono pharmaceutics, Time Dependent Release, circadian clock, Chrono therapeutics.