Maralkar Sudhir1, Shetkar Madhav*1, Sonawane Lalit 1, Wakode Suraj 1, Poul Bhagwatrao1
1. Maharashtra College of pharmacy, Nilanga (413521), Latur (413512) Maharashtra. India.
Bryophyllum pinnatum belongs to the family crassulaceae was widely used in traditional medicine especially in the tropical areas like in tropical Africa, tropical America, India, China, and Australia. Is a perennial herb grows 3-5 feet tall, fleshy dark green leaves that are distinctively scalloped and trimmed in red, and bell like pendulous flowers. It is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of variety of ailments like anthelmentic, immunosuppressive, hepatoprotective, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic, nephroprotective, antioxidant activity, antimicrobial activity and analgesic, anticonvulsant, neuropharmacological and antipyretic. It is well known for its haemostatic and wound healing properties. This review covers detailed ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and bioactivities of Bryophyllum pinnatum. A number of active compound groups including alkaloids, triterpenes, lipids, flavonoids, glycosides, bufadienolides, phenols and organic acids have been covered. The present review was designed to highlight the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Bryophyllum pinnatum.
Keywords: Bryophyllum pinnatum, chemical constituents and pharmacological effects