American Journal Of Pharmacy And Health Research

ISSN NO.: 2321-3647
November 2023 Issue 11

Ethnopharmacological review of MARZANJOSH (Origanum vulgare L.): An important Unani drug

Mohd Arshad1, K.M Yusuf Amin 2, Tanzeel Ahmad 3, Ghazala Qaiyum4*

1.JRF, PPvC, AKTC, AMU, Aligarh

2.Professor, D/O Ilmul Advia, AKTC AMU Aligarh

3.Professor, D/O Moalejat, AKTC AMU Aligarh

4.Assistant Professor, D/o Munafeul Aza, Glocal University Saharanpur 


Marzanjosh is botanically known as Origanum vulgare L. belongs to the Lamiaceae family, is used in the Unani system of medicine for a long period.  It is an annual, perennial, and shrubby herb that is native to the Mediterranean, Euro-Siberian, and Irano-Siberian regions. The glandular trichomes secrete essential oils with a unique flavor, which is mainly due to its major compounds such as carvacrol and thymol. In Unani medicine, Origanum vulgare L. is used widely due to its versatile therapeutic properties like Muhallil-e-Awram (Anti-inflammatory), Mulattif (Demulscent), Jali (Detergent), Stimulant, Emmenagogue, Carminative. Recent studies performed with the use of Conventional methods also proved its efficacy. The present review highlights classical literature and medicinal properties as well as phytochemistry, taxonomical, botanical, pharmacological, Pharmacognostical discussion on Marzanjoosh and recent studies carried out on this plant.

Keywords: Marzanjosh, Unani medicine, Origanum vulgare L.


Formulation and Evaluation of Phytosomes of Thalictrum foliolosum leaves extract

Supriya Kumari1, Naresh Kalra2*

1.Research Scholar, Lords University, Alwar, Rajasthan, India

2.Faculty of pharmacy, Lords University, Chikani, Alwar, Rajasthan, India


Phytosome is a nanovesicle that combines plant extracts and phospholipids to produce more soluble fat complex and provide better absorption. Thalictrum foliolosum DC is widely distributed plant in the Himalayan region extending India, Nepal, Bhutan, South East Tibet and Burma between an altitude range of 1000-3400?m. Within India, it was recorded in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In traditional medicine, various parts of this plant, including its bark, stems, and leaves, have been employed to address a range of health concerns, such as malaria, cancer, mental disorders, and pain relief. In the current days, the majority of the widespread diseases and nutritional disorders are treated with natural medicines. The efficiency of any herbal medication is reliant on the delivery of efficient level of the therapeutically active compound. But a harsh limitation exists in their bioavailability when administered orally or by topical applications. Phytosomes are lately introduced herbal formulations that are superior absorbed and as a result produced superior bioavailability and actions than the conformist phyto molecules or botanical extracts. The ethanolic extract of phytosome was prepared in soya lecithin. Soya lecithin has antioxidant activity. Evaluation of phytosomes for solubility study, entrapment efficiency, transition temperature, particle size and size distribution, optical microscopic study, zeta potential. The results showed the formation of a stable formulation with molecular interaction between the extract and phospholipids. The drug release from the phytosomes was sustained and showed significant improvement compared to the conventional extract.

Keywords: Phytosome, phospholipids, Thalictrum foliolosum, entrapment efficiency, etc.